The 181 Parties to CITES will take critical decisions on wildlife trade policy and the scope of regulatory control over international trade in specific species. They will evaluate the progress made since 2013, and take decisions on what additional measures are needed to end illicit wildlife trafficking.

The global illegal trade in wildlife products is estimated to be worth billions of dollars, making it one of the most lucrative transnational organised criminal activities. It affects the tourism industry as well as the livelihoods of local communities, and hinders progress with regards to sustainable development and poverty alleviation.

CITES CoP17 is an avenue to communicate and raise awareness of the importance of species and wildlife conservation and the need to address the illegal trade in species, while supporting legal trade underpinned by sound sustainable utilisation principles.